Dermeval da Hora Oliveira

CV – Lattes


Research groups: 1) 2) 3)

PROJECT: Linguistic Variation in Paraiba: Phase III – variation, style, attitude and perception

Started in 1993, the Projeto Variação Linguística no Estado da Paraíba – VALPB (Project Linguistic Variation in Paraiba) – aimed to trace the linguistic profile of Paraiba speakers, considering mainly phonetic, phonological and grammatical aspects, from a study in apparent time. Regarding the phonetic-phonological aspects, numerous cases were collected and analyzed involving segments from observation of what is presented as a variable in the community of João Pessoa, stratified according to gender, age and schooling years, sampling represented by sixty informants. Twenty years later, time considered by Labov (1972) as a generation, it is now possible to do a study in real time from reestablishment. Our goal is to return to the community and contact with the same informants again to find out what happened to some variables, and if another analysis of the selected processes for this project can be used as sufficient information to ratify them or not as changing processes in progress or stable variation. The contact with informants in the past will mark a panel study. If we cannot find the same informants, or part of them, we have to compose a new sample, taking into account the same previous stratification, and in that case, we will be conducting a trend study. Data from the second contact will allow to revisit many of the processes already analyzed, but for this project, three variables will be analyzed: the palatalization of dental plosives, the middle unstressed vowels and coronal fricatives in coda /s, z /.The choice of these variables has as principle the fact that the first of them have already shown in the data studies of 1993, a tendency of the community to palatalization, shape evaluated as innovative in a community whose standard is not to palatize. Regarding the middle unstressed vowels, the idea is to see if the community moves toward the national trend to close the middle unstressed vowels, since this is the imposed standard, for example, by the media. As for fricatives, we will evaluate if the tendency to maintain the palatalization still has as restriction the following phonological context / t, d /, a trend in the Brazilian northeast, or if other restrictions already influence the process, as has been proven, for example, with data from Bahia (MOTA, 2005).Allied to this study of reestablishment, we are still interested in controlling the same variables and

their variants, assess the style in which they are used, whether formal or casual; the attitude of the lay listener and literate listener in relation to its use, as how it is perceived.